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Introduction to the European Toys Directive

In January 1990 the European Union, the Union requested that all toy products on the market, must comply with the CE marking standards, and CE logo marked on the toy packaging.

        Based on the objective to protect consumer health and safety under the premise of toy free circulation in the European market, according to toys made uniform standards should be consistent with "the basic safety requirements for toys," divided into "general principles" and "special danger "Any design of products or materials, appliances, obvious manufacturing to children under the age of fourteen users play, toys can be explicitly or predictable manner by the user, and not to endanger the safety of the user or third party and health, and in the toys covered with a "CE" mark, and its significance for the toy department or statutory agent manufacturers ensure that their toys meet these standards.

         General principles:

    1. And toy design, structure and composition of the relevant and potentially dangerous if it should be modified so as to exclude

    2. Or the package labeling on toys and supplement use, we must effectively attract toy users or their supervisors noted that the risk of use, and to avoid these hazards. (See supplement)

        Specific risk: compared with generally more familiar,

    1. In terms of physical and mechanical ┐

    2. Flammability test EN71 ├ →

    3. Chemical ┘

    4. Electrical properties ┬ → Reference HD271 → EN50 test

    5. Health ┘

    6. Radioactive ─ → The standard has not been announced

        Authorized by the European Commission set uniform standards (CEN) to set noise standards for toys has recently released, if the EU, the new regulations from 1 August 2005 was introduced on exports to the EU will have a direct impact on manufacturers.

        Mainly for the new noise standards for toys with a detonator, including the installation of detonators may sound a toy gun and other toys.

        Toy guns with detonators currently issued by the volume limit is 140 decibels, but some EU member states such as Austria, Germany and Sweden, that such toy guns fired in front of children at the ear, enough to cause damage.

        According to EU regulations, EU member states have the right to the items they think are dangerous to lock-up measures, and therefore the EU further said that if their request to amend the noise standards, the ban means they will be separated in on toys liquidity of the market. As the pressure of these Member States, CEN by the proposed amendment to the standards more strictly limit the noise sound volume toy products, the proposed new criteria are as follows:

First, the volume limit, with a detonator of the volume issued by toy standards, not more than 125 points

Tony, the noise level will be reviewed before the end of 2003.

Second, in addition to the toy with a detonator, all the other toys, the volume issued by standards, not more than 115 db.

        Toy Safety Bill

        Part of the supplement warning signs:

First, according to the manufacturer should design the function, structure, composition ...... and so on, to determine its age.

Warning signs (including the age limit) and toys should be accompanied by appropriate warning signs can be clearly noticed,

Bishi them in accordance with the requirements and special circumstances necessary to use, to reduce their risk projects, such as

The following example can be printed on the box.

┌ ─ ─ ─ ─ ┬ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ┐

│ │ importers / manufacturers │

Name and address of the │ │ │

├ ─ ─ ─ ─ ┴ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ┤

Warning marked │ │

│ (such as the example) │

└ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ┘

Warning Example A:

△ can be used for functional toy or on its packaging warning signs: "Warning! Be used under the direct supervision of adults."

"Warning! For use under adult supervision."

△ chemical sex toys on the label on the package:

"Warning! Limited to children aged over □ use, and under the supervision of the adult use."

"Warning! For children over □ years of age only. For use under adult supervision."

△ as sports equipment are marked on the packaging:

"Warning! Should wear protective equipment."

"Warning! Protective equipment should be coorn."

△ water use toys on the label on the package:

"Warning! Limited to use in the water, children should be under the supervision and at their own protection and the use of it."

"Warning! Only to be used in water in which the child is within its depth and under superision."

Example B:

Example 1. "Warning not suitable for children under 36 months contains small parts."

"Warning! Not suitable for age, children under 36 months, with small objects."

Example 2. "Warning not suitable for children under 36 months Includes funceional shorp Edge. Use under Adult Supervision."

"Warning! Not suitable for age, children under 36 months, containing functional dangerous edge, used under adult supervision."

        Other:

   1. If necessary, should also be marked in box a. "Please read the enclosed operating instructions" and so forth, b. "Electronic Power" sign, c. related to the "recycling symbol."

   2. Stringent requirements of the European market is not "CE technical file" when manufacturers should be prepared as soon as possible. Technical documents, based on its process, can be regarded as the existing management system of the plant, process capability, quality control, testing capacity ...... and so do some of the assessment, diagnosis, improvement, upgrading should level, in order to achieve Zhiyizhibi, ever-victorious results.


Warnings

Caution! Not suitable for children under 3 years due to small parts ".

Keep the information for further reference. (Name and address on the importer side)

Ce signs should be larger than 5mm, semi-circular shape.

Scope of the Toys Directive

        Toys Directive is designed to or intended for children under the age of 14 to play in any product or material, if charged, the power can not exceed 24V.

        If the toy products legally sold in the EU, it must comply with the Toys Directive 88/378/EEC requirements, and marked CE mark. According to the different categories of toys, by age group;

1. From birth to 18 months 2. From 19 months to 36 months

3. From birth to 36 months 4.37 months or more

5.60 and the following 6 months. From 37 months to 72 months

7. From 37 months to 96 months 8. From 96 months to 168 months

Testing requirements Toys Directive

        If the toy products legally sold in the EU, it must comply with the Toys Directive 88/378/EEC requirements, and marked CE mark. According to the different type of toy products can be broadly divided into 3 of the toy products: mechanical power type (without batteries), the general type of electric toys, electric toys with remote control type. The following three kinds of products for which the test may be related to a presentation.


EN 71 test items:

One. EN71 Part 1 Physical and Mechanical test mechanical and physical performance test

Including the drop test, small parts test, sharp edge of the testing, tensile testing, stress testing, seam testing, component testing, ear, nose eyes of tension, torsion testing.

1, torque - pull test (orque & tension)

Torque test equipment required: stopwatch, torque, torque clamp (two kinds, depending on the model chosen for the tool)

5 seconds clockwise torque applied to the inner parts, twisted 180 degrees or 0.34Nm, for 10 seconds

Then the parts back to a relaxed state

Repeat the process of counter-clockwise

Less than equal to 6mm, the force applied 50N +2 N

If the most prominent parts larger than 6mm, then the force applied 90N +2 N.

5 seconds on the pounds for 10 seconds

2, the drop test (Drop Test)

Equipment installation: EN floor

Test steps: the toy to the most stringent in the direction from the board drop 85cm +5 cm height 5.

3, the impact test (mpact Test)

Instrumentation device: a diameter of 80mm +2 mm, weight 1kg. +0.02 Kg.'s Steel weight

Test steps: the toys to the location of the most easily damaged steel placed in a horizontal plane, with a weight from the free-fall drop height of 100mm +2 mm toy again.

Become accessible drive mechanism can not have injury.

4, the stress test (Compression Test)

Test steps:

Toys placed on the level of the rigid plane, and make some toys to be tested at the top.

Diameter of 30mm +1.5 mm by rigid metal pressure head applied to the measured area the pressure 110N +5 N, 5 seconds on the pounds for 10 seconds.

 

II. EN71 Part 2 Flammability test flammability test

Including the burning of combustible materials testing: hair, clothes, etc.


III. EN71 Part 3 Chemical test Chemical test, that test the 8 toxic elements (8 kinds of toxic elements) of the content is up to standard requirements, the 8 toxic elements include:

IV. EN71 Part 4 user manual instruction manual

General Electric Toy Type

These products just do EN 71, EMC, EN 50088 three tests.

Test EMC Directive EMC Directive (89/336/EEC)

        For electric toys, including battery-powered toys and with AC / DC converter power supply of toys. In addition to the General Standard for toys EN71 test, the need to meet the electromagnetic compatibility standards, involving:
EMI (electromagnetic radiation): EN55014-1, EN61000-3-2 / 3
EMS (electromagnetic immunity): EN55014-2, EN50082-1

Electric toy safety testing EN50088/EN62115

        The standard includes all electric toys, the structure also applies to electrical installations (Electric Construction Sets), electrical functions toys (Electric Functional Toys), or electrical apparatus (Experimental Sets), but supporting the use of the toy transformer, charger, you can not when for toys, you must use the appropriate electrical safety standards.
EN50088 main testing include: signs and instructions, input power, temperature rise and non-normal operation, electrical strength, mechanical strength, structure, wires, screws and components, electrical creepage distance and clearance, fire, heat. Toxic and similar hazards.

Wireless communication terminal test R & TTE Directive Directive 1999/5/EC.

 

 

 

U.S. toy safety standards ASTM F963

1, the safety requirements

1.1 Material quality - toys to use new or re-processed materials. If you use a complex treated materials, it must be refined to make it hazardous materials content in line with the requirements of 1.3.1.

1.2 Flammability - non-textile products used in toys (excluding paper) can not be flammable materials, flammable defined in accordance with the Federal Hazardous Substances Ordinance (FHSA) 16CFR 1500.3 (C) (6) (VI) requirements. To test purposes, toys, textile fabrics used in any of the requirements should be consistent with 16CFR 1610. Toys flammability test procedures, that is, a description of 16CFR 1500.44, A5 in the appendix.

1.3 Toxicity

1.3. 1 --- toys, toxic substances or materials used in toys must meet the FHSA and in accordance with relevant regulations issued by the FHSA. 16 CFR 1500.85 is not listed in an FHSA under certain types of toys. The relevant provisions of the toxic, corrosive, irritant, sensitization, resulting in stress, radioactive, flammable and combustible material provides limited. 5.2 The content of toxic substances for the determination of the reference method. It should be noted that some state regulations on toxic substances may be more stringent than federal regulations.

1.3.2 --- food manufacturing and packaging of food and toys with the sale of the manufacturing and packaging must meet the human instrument manufacturing, processing, packaging and storage of health operating regulations 21 CFR 110.

1.3.3 Non-direct instrument for contact with food additives --- toy parts, such as toys, utensils must meet the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Regulations (FDCA) of the requirements. In particular, 21 CFR 110.

1.3.3.1 toys for parts in contact with food labels --- for food contact by the components of toys, such as toys, cookware and tableware toys must be labeled according to the requirements of 2.8.

1.3.3.2 Content of lead and cadmium in ceramic or may be in full bloom --- for ceramic toys, food components, such as: ceramic tea set must comply with the FDCA in the 402 (2) (C) and FDA guidelines for product qualification in the relevant policy requirements.

1.3.4 Cosmetics --- toy cosmetics must comply with the FDCA in the code 21CER the relevant requirements. Provisions which apply to cosmetics see 21CFR700-740. To the relevant provisions of the pigment in cosmetics, see 21 CFR in 73,74,81 and 82.

1.3.4.1 In addition, all toys, cosmetics must comply with the FHSA regulations of this standard and all the requirements, but does not include 16 CFR 1500.81 and 50.3 (b) (ii).

1.3.4.2 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requirements will therefore be provided as a complement existing children's products.

1.3.5 paint and similar surface coating materials used in toys, paint --- and other similar surface coating materials must meet under the Consumer Products Safety Ordinance (CPSA) issued regulations on lead content in 16 CFR 1303.

1.3.5.1 The provisions prohibit the use of lead content (calculated as metal Pb) than the total of non-volatile weight of the paint or dry paint film weight of 0.06% (600ppm) of the amount of lead or lead paint or similar surface coatings.

1.3.5.2 In addition, the surface coating material of antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium compounds with the metal content of soluble substances in solid (including pigments and membrane curing material and dry material) weight ratio given in Table 1 should not exceed the corresponding &#118alue. In the analysis of results and compare the &#118alues in Table 1 to determine compliance before, they should be tested in accordance with 8.3.4 methods to adjust. Soluble content of 5.3 must be provided, by dissolving solid matter (including paint, membrane curing material and dry materials, dry film) were measured.

Table 1, transfer elements of toy materials the highest content of soluble

Units: ppm (mg / kg)

Metal Lead (Pb) Arsenic (As) Antimony (Sb) Barium (Ba) Cadmium (Cb) of chromium (Cr) of mercury (Hg) Se (Se

Content 9,025,601,000,756,060,500

1.3.6 toys cosmetics, liquid, paste, gel and powder --- to reduce the requirement of cosmetics and toys, liquids, gels and other toys, the flow of organic matter used as cleanliness is not enough shelf-life and pollution hazards. The requirements for the use of these substances do not produce in the case of microbial degradation on the cleanliness and durability to withstand long-term and / or the ability to set standards and pollution.

1.3.6.1 and stuffed toys used in the manufacture of water must be based on the standard USP water to prepare the bacteria.

Note 1 - CAUTION: Preparation of pure water have different methods, each method may result in different levels of pollution of the final product. If the equipment is qualified and sterile, then the production of pure water by distillation is sterile. On the other hand, the ion exchange column and reversed phase of permeability to pay special attention, as they prepared for microbial contamination and pollution of water systems to provide a place. Therefore, the need for frequent testing, especially when these devices to stop operating more than a few hours before use.

1.3.6.2 The material used on toys, the formula must make the material in the shelf-life and reasonably foreseeable use can not produce microbial degradation.

1.3.6.3 on the use of these substances in toys, as well as the cleanliness of their composition must conform to the formula to prevent microbial degradation.

--- 1.3.7 filler filler stuffed toys can not be loose from insects, birds, rodents or other animals, infestation of the bad material, it can not have good practices in the dirt that may arise, such as debris and metal shavings. Test methods to determine adverse material see "Association of Official Analytical Chemists, the statutory analysis of side   quot; Chapter 16. In addition, whether natural or synthetic fiber filled materials should meet the" Pennsylvania regulations concerning the capacity of stuffed toys " title 34, Chapter 47, the first part of the requirements of 47.317.

1.3.8 DEHP (DOP) --- pacifiers, rattles and bites can not have a destination ring DEHPI containing 2 (2 - ethylhexyl) phthalate (also known as dioctyl phthalate). In order to avoid trace DEHP (DOP) affect the results, when the D3421 when tested in accordance with the test results can reach the acceptable levels of three per cent of the total solids.

1.4 Power / Thermal

Rated voltage of 120V by the shunt circuit operation of the toy must meet the 16 CFR1505 published under the FHSA requirements.

1.5 impulse noise from toys in any position of the surface of 25CM, the toys can not produce instantaneous sound levels over 138 db (20 micro-N / m) of the pulse noise. Sound level measurement must be provided by 16 CFR 1500.47 instruments. Measurement instruments and toys and a wall, ceiling or other large obstructions apart must be at least 1 meter. Toy cap gun powder (TOY CAP) test in accordance with 16 CFR 1500.47, its noise level standard shall not be more than 138 db, if the toy cap gun powder (TOY CAP) by the above method to measure the sound level when the level of over 138 db, 16 CFR must be 1500.86 (a) (6) requires a warning notice instructions and to the CPSC.

1.6 Small Object

The requirements of this provision is to reduce the object of children under 36 months due to ingestion or inhalation hazard

1.6.1 for use by children under 36 months of toys should be consistent with the requirements of 16 CFR 1501. How to determine which types of toys to meet the requirements, see 16 CFR 1500.50,1501 the standard and the standard part of Appendix A1. Toys in the implementation of the terms of the debris, including, but not limited to squeeze excess material, plastic sheet, foam pieces or small swarf or scraping debris. Paper, fiber, sand lines, hair, rubber bands and lines are not within the scope of this requirement.

1.6.1.1 In accordance with the terms of use and abuse of the eighth before and after, these requirements also apply to determine the accessibility of small parts, such as small toys and toys, including the Department of Ta A fall or move from toy to take on the eyes, vocal parts, buttons, or small pieces.

1.6.1.2 The following items are not limitations of this request: balloons, books and other paper products; writing materials (crayons, chalk, pencils, pens); record; modeling clay and similar products; nail paint, watercolor paint sets, or other tools. List of all non-controlled items are set out in 16 CER 1501.3.

1.6.1.3 assembled by an adult, in the assembly of small pieces of the former contain potentially dangerous toys should be based on terms of identity.

1.6.2 Port-action toy

The terms require the involvement of repeated start by blowing and suction toys, such as the sounder. Toys such as mouth starting with loose objects, such as the whistle of the ball, or inserts, such as the reed sounder, according to the provisions of this standard procedure, when the air from the mouthpiece at the rapid turn of blown or inhaled, toys contained within the cylinder shown in Figure 7 can be placed loose object shall learn from.

1.6.2.1 within the inflatable toys or small objects in the deflated inflatable toys when not from the detachment.

1.6.3 for at least 3 years old (36 months) but less than 6 years old (72 months) children's toys and games, should meet the requirements of 16CFR 1500.19. In addition to paper and similar items punching game, any for at least 3 years old (36 months) but less than 6 years old (72 months) for children and toys with small objects and game requirements should be identified according to 2.10.2.

1.7 contact with sharp edges can be

Toys can not be touched with a potentially dangerous sharp edges. For adults as well as in the assembly before the assembly containing unprotected, potentially dangerous sharp edges of the toys, add posts to be identified should be 5.9.

1.7.1 The metal containing potentially dangerous sharp edges sharp edges and the work is defined in 16 CFR 1500.49. For use by children under 8 years of toys by the provisions of 8.5 to 8.10 before the test through the use and abuse and / or shall meet the following requirements.

1.7.2 for the 48 months to 96 months of children's toys containing deer using the edge of the case of potentially dangerous toys feature some of the necessary, must affix a warning label requirement 5.2. For children under 48 months of toys can not contain the required functions can be reached dangerous sharp edges.

1.7.3 Metal Toys

Metal edges can be touched, including the risk of holes and slots can not be with the burr and oblique thin edge or metal edge must be folded, rolled, or the formation of helical edge or permanent fixtures or coated with a cover.

Note 2 regardless of the manner in dealing with the edge, must meet the technical requirements of 1.7.1 of the sharp edges. If you use a protective device, the device according to the applicable procedures can not be separated into the test.

1.7.4 molded toys, toys that can be touched molded edge, corner or mold interface should be no burrs and excess material from the dangers arising from the edge of, or shall be protected so that dangerous edge is not exposed. 1.7.5 bolts and threaded rods exposed

If the end of bolts and threaded rod to be touched, the thread can not have exposed the danger of sharp edges and burrs, or the end cap must be covered by a smooth, so that risk is not exposed sharp edges and burrs.

Lee pointed to touch 1.8

Toys may not have a reason for the potential risk arising from interest can be touched tip: Toys structure, assembly fastening bad parts, such as metal wire, pin, nail, U-shaped nails; plant cut metal poor; screw spikes, with burr wood pieces.

1.8.1 potentially dangerous sharp defined benefit 16 CFR 1500.48.

1.8.2 48-96 months for children's toys out of reach of potentially dangerous sharp profit function if it is required, such as sewing needles toys, must affix a warning label requirement 2.2. For children under 48 months of the toys can not have functional benefits can be touched tip.

1.8.3 Wood

In accordance with the applicable test procedures before and after the wood used in toys can be touched surfaces and edges can not have glitches.

1.9 processes

This request relates to use for children under 8 years of potentially dangerous toys processes. This requirement aims to reduce the protrusion when the child or may arise in the rigid risk of skin puncture, such as unprotected shaft, lever, decorative objects. Within the eyes and mouth extreme sensitivity, not the request was not prepared to protect these parts of the body. If the protrusion on the skin puncture showed the potential danger, we must use the appropriate means to protect it, for example, or with the metal end of the curved surface of a smooth protective cap or cover to effectively increase the area of possible contact with the skin. 1.10 nails and fasteners

Nails and fasteners may not cause acute, sharp edges, or protrusions of the risk of exposure. The tip of nails and fasteners that they can not reach prominence. Axis used nails and fasteners additional requirements, see 1.14.

Wire and rods 1.11

Used in the toy inside the wire and rods, if reasonably foreseeable use and abuse of tests can be touched, the terminal needs to be addressed in order to avoid potentially dangerous edge and burrs must be bent or smooth protective cap or cover to protect. Ho used in toys from rigid or fixed form of the metal wire or other metal materials, if available, the greatest force for bending 60 degree angle, when tested according to 5.12 is not a risk of fracture tip, edge or protruding hazards. The components (metal wire or rod) Main wheelbase components (metal wire or rod) and play a main crossing point of the 2 ± 0.05in (50 ± 1.3mm) Department, if the component length less than 2in (50mm) in the time imposed at the end of the vertical force component, the maximum force to be as follows [error ± 0.51b (± 0.02kg)]:

10 1b (45N) 18 months or toys for children

15 1b (67N) 18 months to 96 months of children's toys

1.12. Packaging Film

The purpose of this request is to reduce the packaging of the thin film due to choking hazard. Used as toys or toy packaging material itself, the light of the plastic film bags and soft plastic film nominal thickness must 0.00150in (0.03810mm) or more, but the actual thickness must not be less than 0.00125in (0.03175mm). Determination of thickness D 374 test method must be in accordance with the method C were. This requirement does not apply to the following:

Fully stretched around 1.12.1, the pocket perimeter is less than 14in (360mm) of the bag.

Fully stretched around 1.12.2, the pocket perimeter is 14in (360mm) or more bags full of stretched the length and circumference of the bag is less than the sum of 23in (584mm).

1.12.3 nominal thickness of less than 0.00150in (0.0381mm) shrink film wrapped toys, generally when customers open the package when the film was destroyed.

1.13 rope and rubber bands

The purpose of this request is to reduce the potential reach of the rope and with the rubber disk and Le injuries caused by dangerous wound. 1.13.1 rope and rubber band toys

For children under 18 months of toys (not including pull toys, which asked to see 1.13.2) or the system that contains some rope and rubber bands, in the relaxation state and easily by 5 1b (2.25kg) when raw load measurement, the maximum length must be less than 12in (305mm). If the string / rubber band or section of rope / rubber band can tangle and / or a ring and connected with any part of the toy, including rope / rubber band attached to the end of the beads or other parts, in 51b (2.25kg) of gravity under the action of the perimeter ring must be less than 14in (356mm)

1.13.1.1 reduced drag from the rope

For children under 18 months of the traction rope toys rope that can be touched, except the diameter is less than 1/16in (2mm) of the single fiber Wei Sheng, the most vulnerable in the toy fixed in position while retracting the rope hanging vertically and fully straight into the imposition of 21b (0.9kg) when the heavy load must not exceed the distance retraction 1/4IN (6mm). Diameter of 1/16in (2mm) or less by the above method in the single fiber Weisheng tested to withstand 11B (0.45kg) of heavy loads should not retract.

1.13.2 pull toys

For children under 36 months longer than on the pull toys 12in (300mm) of wire and rubber bands, can not has the potential to wound a rope or rubber disc into a ring of beads or other accessories.

1.13.3 Flight rope and line audio equipment

Department of the flight device used to play more than 6ft (1.8m) long kite string and hands to pull strings, the relative humidity of not less than 45% of the temperature does not exceed 75. F (24 ℃) under the conditions of the table with a high-voltage breakdown measurements, the resistance must exceed 108Ω.cm.

1.14, tire and axle

The purpose of this request is to remove under normal use and reasonably foreseeable misuse of the tire from the wheel or when the small intake may cause danger (such as 1.6 above), and abuse of toys in the toy may come off the wheels from the combination of components on protruding axle risk arising from scratched or stabbed. This requirement must be used for 96 months or less for children and the dismantling of pre-assembled toy transport wheel, the requirements do not consider the small wheels and a small intake of the axle of risk for children under 36 months of use pre-assembled and removable transport wheel toys, did not consider the requirements of small wheels and a small intake of the axle of risk for children under 36 months of toys to the hazard, see 1.6; for folding equipment toys, the customer must using simple household tools and / or special tools provided by the manufacturer under the state group of assembled test.

1.15 folding mechanisms and hinges

The purpose of this request is to eliminate the weight of toys used to easily set used in children's folding devices and may cause the crushing hinges, scratches and entrapment hazards. Folding mechanisms, such as the sudden collapse of the hinge or unforeseen activities or actions resulting from shear rolling; two hinged parts of the hinge line of the gap changes, resulting in some but not all hinge allows the finger positions. This requirement does not involve children can not carry the weight of the toy truck bodies, earth moving machinery and similar toys in the door hinge or pivot or change some of the resulting gap, generally accepted and familiar risk. Toy box asking to see 126.

1.15.1 folding device

For normal use and reasonably foreseeable abuse test toys furniture and other toys, with the folding device, stand or pole to carry the weight of children or the corresponding weight, must have a safety brake or locking device installed to prevent Xuan object accident or sudden activities or collapse, or sudden activity or the collapse of the object must have sufficient clearance to prevent the fingers, hands and toes were crushed or scratched.

1.15.2 hinge line gap

Fixed part and toys weighing more than 1 / 2 1b (0.2kg) of the active portion of the hinge line, there are gaps or gap, if the hinge line can reach a diameter of the gap can be inserted into 3/16in (5Mmm) round rod , then all parts of the hinge line must be inserted into a diameter of 1/2in (13mm) round bars.

1.16 holes, gaps and reach of the mechanical devices can be

The request is to eliminate the gap on the change of possible danger. Toys tested by 8.5 to 8.10 and must meet the requirements. 1.16.1 to 1.16.6 set out the requirements of each pinch gap reflects the various sets of possible injury to or the type of folder.

1.16.1 moving parts, palpable gap between the

This requirement is only for 96 months involving children's toys on the following Los gap between the moving parts, the gap exists pinch or crush fingers or other body parts of the potential danger. The requirements include but are not limited to women and rigid wheel wheel groove, retaining board or ride toy wheels and chassis of the radial clearance, or electric, spring, inertia-driven wheel and other parts of toys. If the above can reach a diameter of the gap can be inserted into 3/16in (5mm) round bar, you must be able to insert a diameter of 1/2in (13mm) of HE into the bar to prevent your fingers caught.

1.16.2 hole on rigid materials

The purpose of this requirement is to prevent for 60 months or less on toys for children and other rigid materials, sheet metal can be touched on the finger grip holes caused by the risk (which may cut off blood circulation). (Generally considered non-hole would not have cut off the fingers caught in serious risk of blood circulation). Thickness less than 0.062in (1.58mm) of any rigid material that can be touched can be inserted if the diameter of circular holes for the 1/4in (6mm) round rod, insert the depth 3/8IN (10mm) or more, you must can also be inserted in diameter 1/2in (13mm) round bars.

1.16.3 chain and belt

On the requirements is to prevent the fingers into the support chain or between chain between the chain and sprocket or pulley and belt clip caused between the risk of injury.

1.16.3.1 Bearing Chain

36 months or less for children's toys to support the weight of the chain of children, such as hanging indoor seating or similar device, if it can reach but also in the relaxation of state can be inserted between the two chain diameter 0.19IN (5MM ) rod.

1.16.3.2 chain or belt ride-on toys

Ride on toys, power transmission chains and belts must be added to protect the cover.

1.16.4 non-contact nature of the mechanical structure

For 60 months or less, clockwork toys for children, battery, inertia or other power-driven organizations can not have to pinch hit or scratch the presence of dangerous components. (See 1.16.2 of the requirements of round hole)

1.16.5 clockwork key

The purpose of this requirement is to prevent your fingers into the space key and the toy body or scratches caused by the risk of entrapment. The requirements apply to the use of winding key for use by children under 36 months of toys, this spring the commencement of the keys in the rotating machinery. Lever with the requirements applicable to its rigid surface are flat and highlights from the key, and does not apply to use the torque of the round knob on the key. If the key to the main claw hands and toys can be inserted into the gap diameter 0.25in (6mm) round bar, the key to any position in the gap must be inserted in diameter 0.5in (13mm) round bars. Services involved in this key paragraph, the claw can be inserted into the handle can not have a diameter 0.19IN (5mm) round rod openings.

1.16.6 disc spring

The purpose of this requirement is to prevent the fingers or toes is a toy with spring clip or crush injuries. Composition of the components used to support the weight of children of disc spring (compression spring or extension spring), we must add guards to prevent reasonably foreseeable use and abuse can be touched, except the following circumstances:

1.16.6.1 are not free to insert a diameter of 0.12in (3mm) round rod

1.16.6.2 In the spring the first to bear 31b (1.4kg), and then take 70 1b (32kg) the role of weight in the process of all points between two adjacent springs are free to insert a diameter of 0.25in (6mm) of the rod.

1.17 Stability and overload requirements

1.17.1 Stability of ride-on toys and seats

The purpose of this request is to reduce vulnerability to the toy dump may cause risk of accidents. This calls for consideration of the legs have a stabilizing effect for children and recognized the state of children in the tilt adjustment to balance the instinct of the requirements listed in 1.17.2 and 1.17.3 must be used for the following types of 60 months or less for children's toys: with 3 or more load wheels ride-on toys, such as various types of vehicles; ride activity toys, such as Trojans; a seat fixed toys, such as toys furniture. Generally not stable at the base of the spherical shape of tubular and other riding toys are not included in this request.

1.17.2 tilt stability

This requires that the stability of two types of possible dangers: one seat in the riding toy or a stabilizing effect can be their feet, and the other closed structure is limited by the foot and can not have a stabilizing effect.

1.17.2.1 can be a stabilizing effect on the tilt foot stability

For the seat height from the ground is equal to or less than the Table 2 is not used in the youngest age group, the corresponding height of 1 / 3 and the feet of children's activities are not restricted to the side which can play a stabilizing role in the ride-on toys in the seat, Roll stability test is not required. (Table 2, the following two numbers in numerical Daibiao the lesser of: (1) from 1 to 5 years including 5-year-old boy of each age group the 5th percentile of height components and (2) from 1 to 5 years , including 5-year-old age group girls line the 5th percentile of height components), the height of their seat from the ground as shown in Table 2 is greater than the minimum age to use the corresponding age group, height of 1 / 3, and children's feet side activities are not restricted, thus stabilizing the toys or seat.

Age (years) Body (in) high (cm)

127 (69.8)

2 29 (74.4)

333 (85.1)

437 (93.8)

5 40 (100.5)

1.17.2.2 can not make their feet away from the stability of roll stability

1.17.3 stability before and after

This request relates to ride in the ride-on toys can not be easily used when the front and rear legs have a stabilizing effect the direction of stability. Rides in the stability test is not to be in the driving wheel at the front position, but also in the top-right and the left 45. Angle.

1.17.4 Stability of the fixed floor-toys

The purpose of this request is to reduce the door, drawer or other movable part of the position is stretched to the maximum may be caused by the dumping of dangerous toys. Height of more than 30IN (760mm). Weight greater than 10 1b (4.5kg) of fixed floor type toys, when all of its movable part is stretched to the maximum position and placed in an inclined face 10. The inclined plane can not tip over.

1.17.5 the requirements of ride-on toys and seats

The purpose of this request is to reduce the toy can not afford to overload the load which may cause risk of accidents. All the ride-on toys, toys for seats, or designed to support all or part of the body weight of children toys, must be able to bear the additional increase in the seat or in other components used to withstand heavy loads without collapsing on the result of heavy load dangerous exposure to power-driven device). The load must be the use of toys in Table 3 age groups corresponding to the maximum age of 3 times the weight.

Age (years) Weight ib (kg) 1 28 (12.6)

2 29 (13.2)

342 (18.9)

443 (19.7)

550 (22.6)

659 (26.6)

769 (31.2)

881 (37.0)

989 (40.4)

10,105 (47.9)

11 121 (55.0)

12 120 (54.7)

13,140 (63.6)

14,153 (69.6)

1.18 enclosed space

The purpose of this request is to reduce children's toys may be trapped in the refrigerator category, such as the risk of closed-end toys, as well as the space helmet to prevent head and closed class of toys, possible choking hazard.

1.19

Copy protection device (such as helmets, hats and goggles)

The purpose of this request is to reduce the risk of the following situations may arise, such as goggles or material damage because of manufacturing space helmets, toy or imitation protection devices such as football helmets and pads to the wearer as a true protection and not toy with and so on.

1.19.1 Protection of the eye

Cover the face of all the rigidity of toys, such as goggles, helmets or face shields in space, must be impact-resistant material.

1.19.2 Protection of imitation toy safety inspections to add a clear identity.

2, the use of

--- 2.1 define and describe the safe use of toys and / or assembly of the relevant information and instructions, either printed on the box or instructions, for a certain age group for reading (based on needs, but also including the use of children) to that must be read to understand. All instructions must be at least written in English.

2.2 The toy boxes --- and maintenance of wire-bound on the correct description must detail the proper method of mounting accessories, cover the supporting device can be installed without the danger, and how to determine support device is working.

3, manufacturing, trade mark

The main components of toys or toy packaging must be marked with the manufacturer or distributor's name and address. Toys are sold in bulk, such as small pebbles or marbles, only the container need to tag. All of these tags must be read to understand, in easy to see where the customer, and can durable under normal use. Toys marked with codes to identify the model manufacturers to change. Toy contains a lot of loose parts, except the code can be marked on the container

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